8.4 Simple past vs. present perfect

La tavola mostra l'uso dei tempi in inglese.

Sommario
  simple past present perfect
  Azioni terminate nel passato che non hanno nessuna influenza sul presente. Azioni che si sono svolte nel passato ma che hanno ancora una influenza sul presente o azioni che si sono svolte nello stesso tempo nel cuale si trova il locutore.
  I went to school.
He bought a house.
We were on holidays.
I have gone to school, now I know a lot.
He has bought a house, now he lives in it.
We have been on holidays, now we are relaxed.
  Azioni regolarmente ripetute nel passato.  
  Every summer we went to York (now we go to Ireland).
Every morning he drank coffee (now he drinks tea)
Every evening she read a book (now she's too tired to do so).
---
  Descrizione di caratteristiche, azioni parallele/ di fondo  
  He was tall.
The night was dark and cold.
School was boring.
There were no mobile phones.
She was blond.
 
  Locuzione avverbiale  
  last year, summer, month, week
in 1930, 1999, 2001
when he was young
on Sunday
yesterday
the day before yesterday
this summer, year, month, morning
already
ever, never
for, since
so far
recently, lately, just





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